Welcome to Harlem
Get to know Harlem
Extending north from Central Park to Washington Heights, historic Harlem includes most of northern Manhattan. While several subway lines make it easy to get to all points south, Harlem can still feel like its own world — and it was long its own village, founded by the Dutch and named after Haarlem in the Netherlands. Despite its 17th-century roots, the area became famous at the beginning of the 20th century. The legacy of the Harlem Renaissance — the burgeoning of music, literature, and political activism from the 1910s to the ’30s — lives on art museums and the legendary Apollo Theater. In recent decades it has been experiencing a second renaissance, as historic brownstones are being restored, and 125th Street is once again the lively commercial heart of the neighborhood.
History & Culture
Even though it was a village under the Dutch, the history of Harlem as we know it today begins in the 19th century. In 1880, after it was connected to the rest of Manhattan by the New York Elevated Railroad, developers began erecting block after block of rowhouses and apartment buildings. The Harlem Renaissance brought a cultural flowering led by writers like Langston Hughes and Zora Neale Hurston and musicians including Louis Armstrong, Bessie Smith, and Cab Calloway. Institutions from the Studio Museum to the Apollo Theater keep the spirit of that period alive. In the past few decades, public and private investments have resulted in a new blossoming of interest in the area.